Blackheads are small bumps that appear on your skin due to clogged hair follicles. These bumps are called blackheads because the surface looks dark or black. Blackheads are a mild type of acne that usually form on the face, but they can also appear on the following body parts: back, chest, neck, arms, shoulders.
Blackheads are a type of comedo. Comedones occur when the pores in the skin become plugged with dead skin cells and an oily, protective substance known as sebum. The top of the blackhead, which is visible on the surface of the skin, has a dark color.Normally, hair grows from hair follicles in the pores, and the sebum-producing sebaceous glands lie underneath.
When these pores are plugged, the dead skin cells in the open pore react with oxygen in the air and turn black, forming a blackhead.
This is often confused with trapped dirt, but the development of blackheads is not related to the cleanliness of the skin. Other acne lesions are usually closed, but in blackheads, the skin around the clogged pore opens, air gets in causing the collected sebum oil or dead skin cells to oxidize and turn black or sometimes yellowish. Blackheads appear most frequently on the face, back, neck, chest, arms, and shoulders. There are more hair follicles in these areas.
Squeezing and popping blackheads is a bad idea and not the correct way to remove blackheads. You can’t really pop a blackhead to remove it, because the oil is too tightly stuck in your skin and if you try anyway you will cause trauma to the skin around the blackhead leaving it red and irritated. This means it’s less likely to cause blackheads or whiteheads. Blackheads aren’t due to poor washing but keeping your skin clean can help stop them developing. You should wash the affected area twice a day with a mild soap or gentle cleanser and water. However, do not scrub your skin as this can irritate it.
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